Brick


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What are they made of?

They are made of clay, which you can cook or not.

What are they used for?

The brick used in construction, decor, to furnaces and fireplaces.

How many types of brick are there?

The exterior brick facade, common brick and firebrick.

What is the meaning of brick laying techniques?

It is a stable organization of bricks, locked behind an additive process of construction, usually manual, applying a technique of mortar bond.

Describe 2 brick laying techniques

Rigging is the law or locking arrangement of the bricks in a wall, stipulation from the dimensions of the wall to the meetings. Some types are:

· Rigging to ropes: the sides of the wall formed by the ropes of the brick, has a half-foot thick and is widely used for face brick facades. 800px-Soga.JPG

· Rigging in tambourine: is employed to carry out the partitions, thickness is the thickness of the piece and not ready to absorb loads except its own weight.


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What are their advantages and disadvantages?

Advantage:

· The use of brick may increase the thermal mass of a building, provide increased comfort in the summer heat and winter cold.

· The brick will not require paint.

· The look, especially when done by hand and has a good finish, can impart an impression of solidity and permanence.

· It is heat resistant and thus provide good protection against fire.

Disadvantages:

· Severe weather can cause surface degradation due to damage from frost. Such damage is common with certain types of brick.

· The masonry must be built on a solid foundation to prevent settling and cracking.




I think the brick is a material easy to access because its manufacture is quite simple and therefore it is a good choice for building, since not only is easy to work but is also a good decoration for both indoor and facades.


Post-reading tasks

The clay extracted from a number of areas across the country often dictate the color and properties of the finished bricks. Also characteristics of the manufacturing process determine its properties.

The clay is crushed and mixed with water to form a pliable material which can be moulded into different shapes and sizes; and subsequently leads to high temperatures to achieve hardness.


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Worksheet

Find examples of the following rhetoric functions. Underline cue words.

  • Comparison and contrast:

The size of bricks is limited by the need for efficient drying, firing, and handling, but shapes, along with the techniques of bricklaying, have varied widely throughout history.

  • Description:

Brick compares favorably with stone as a structural material for its fire-and-weather resisting qualities and for the ease of production, transportation, and laying

  • Exemplification:

Special shapes can be produced by molding to meet particular structural or expressive requirements (for example, wedge-shaped bricks are sometimes employed in arch construction and bricks with rounded faces in columns).

  • Cause/ Effect:

Brick which has been used since the 4th millennium BC, was the chief building material in the ancient Near East. The versatility of the medium was expanded in ancient Rome by improvements in the manufacture of both brick and mortar and by new techniques of laying and bonding.

  • Chronology:

Employed throughout the Middle Ages, brick grained greater popularity from the 16th. Century on, particularly in northern Europe. It is widely used in the 20th Century, often for nonbearing walls in steel frame constructions.